Was speaking with an old friend who owns a mum and pop type micro business. He asked my advice on something which I don't really understand so would appreciate your thoughts. He wants to hire his first employee, someone on a part time basis, but is concerned that even at a fair hourly rate (above minimum wage), it won't make sense for most people as they won't end up much better than if they are on benefits... so why would they bother? Now I know nothing about the benefits system. There's this Universal Credit thing now, isn't there? Q1: If someone is on unemployment benefits/UC is there any incentive for them to get a part time job of say 10 or 20 hrs/week? Is there much incentive, much pressure for them to get back into work? Q2. If there is any pressure on unemployed people to get a job, which I suppose there would be, is it the case that the system can be easily played by taking a job and then ensuring you get fired so that you can go back on benefits and reset the clock? I tried doing some Googling about unemployment benefits, but ran into "income support" and "working tax credits" and "child tax credits" and all kinds of other complications and simply got myself a headache within a few minutes!