Since my first job, I believed that an 'Executive' is a lower rank to 'Manager' and worked under the orders of a 'Managers'. The reason was the fact that the freshers were designated as 'Executives' and the ones with more experience were designated as 'Managers'. So it is pretty obvious for a fresher to believe that Executives are lower than the Managers in terms of Hierarchy! I just recently realized about my childhood days when my father used to brag about one of his relative being an 'executive officer'! And I used to believe that being an 'executive' was something cool!! But over the years my perception took a 180 degree turn! Since last few years I believed that Managers > Executives! N ow I wonder what is the real and true hierarchy in this case? I read this in an article somewhere and It blew my concepts! And I quote the part - "What is the difference between Executive and Manager? A manager is the person who is responsible for the activities of a group of employees in an organization. He has to play the role of a motivator and mentor while guiding the employees to achieve the goals of the organization. There may be supervisors under a manger to help him in his task, but the overall responsibility for the performance of the workers under him lies on the shoulders of a manger. Different departments in a company have differently called managers such as production manager, accounts manager, sales manager, and so on. A manager is at the lower rung of the managerial ladder that he has to climb for a prominent position in the management. These days, managers are hired by celebrities too to look after their careers. On the other hand, an executive is a person who is responsible for putting into action the plans and policies of the top management of a company. He is the person who has to see that the day to day functioning of the company carries on smoothly without any hitches. In short, an executive has to oversee the administration function of the organization. An executive has a higher standing in an organization than a manager." Is anybody here who can help me get rid off this confusion?