So how will this affect competition? If you are a UK consumer buying off say Ali Baba etc then you will pay customs duty and VAT on everything that is under £15? I believe before you only paid VAT and customs if it was above £15? Now if you buy from a European supplier - they will charge UK VAT - but would that mean they need to register with HMRC for VAT? Or they send the item without VAT so then we can pay it in the UK - but there will be customs charge, VAT charge and handling fees. Making small purchases uneconomic? Is this correct or have I got it mixed up? So how does that affect UK online sellers selling into Europe? Do we need to register with each countries VAT authorities?